A A measure of how quickly multiple small files can be read from a device.
4K random read is a disk access pattern whereby small (4K) blocks of data are read from random locations on the surface of the device being tested at a queue depth of one. The term is used primarily within the context of benchmarking and the speed which it is usually measured in, MBps, can be thought of as how effective a device is at quickly retrieving small pieces of data from random locations. This type of access pattern is very common during operating system startup, where lots of configuration and driver files must be read from the disk. Drives that are used to host operating systems will perform much better if they are able to sustain high random read speeds. As a rule of thumb approximately 20% of a typical users overall disk access on a PC will consist of random reads.

The Best.
CPUGPUSSD
Intel Core i5-13600K $269Nvidia RTX 4060 $295Crucial MX500 250GB $31
Intel Core i5-12400F $146Nvidia RTX 4060-Ti $373Samsung 850 Evo 120GB $80
Intel Core i5-12600K $179Nvidia RTX 4070 $530Samsung 860 Evo 250GB $52
HDDRAMUSB
Seagate Barracuda 1TB (2016) $39Corsair Vengeance LPX DDR4 3200 C16 2x8GB $45SanDisk Extreme 64GB $72
WD Blue 1TB (2012) $28Corsair Vengeance LPX DDR4 3000 C15 2x8GB $44SanDisk Extreme 32GB $28
Seagate Barracuda 2TB (2016) $64G.SKILL Trident Z DDR4 3200 C14 4x16GB $346SanDisk Ultra Fit 32GB $16
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